Preparing for Instruction 4 – Cognitive Science for Learning

Multiple Intelligences (MI):  Application of MI in the Classroom


Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences evolved from his belief that an IQ test to measure intelligence did not adequately reflect the different types of intelligence that individuals were capable of.  Gardner has defined eight different forms of intelligence:

  • Musical intelligence (“music smart”)
  • Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)
  • Interpersonal intelligence (“people smart”)
  • Verbal-Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)
  • Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
  • Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)
  • Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)
  • Visual-Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”)

A brief overview of these different types of intelligence can be found here:


In terms of using MI in the classroom, it’s important to be mindful of the different ways that topics can be presented.  By creating learning activities that appeal to a variety of intelligences, instruction can be more effective as learners are able to understand content in a way that engages them and is meaningful to them.

As an adult learner, the use of MI in the classroom may allow the learner to realize the way they learn most effectively, and this can lead to a more productive and worthwhile learning environment for the learner.





One thought on “Preparing for Instruction 4 – Cognitive Science for Learning

  1. Hi Leon.

    I enjoyed your blog on Multiple Intelligences. I recently read this material in our text book and found it to be a very interesting topic. I think it is necessary as an instructor to try to find the strengths in each individual student and use these strengths to tailor the learning so everyone can get the most from the session and feel confident and self assured about their abilities. Nice Job!! 🙂



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